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21.7 2017 undefined

Weed biology
Agro-region: Denmark

Euphorbia peplus L. Previous page Next page

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Can be mistaken for

Euphorbia helioscopia L., which has somewhat larger dicotyledon leaves and true leaves.

Characteristics

Cotyledons
Oval with entire leaf margins. Stalked. Smooth surface. Length approx. 5 mm.

True leaves
Inverted egg-shaped with entire leaf margins. Stalked. Smooth surface. The true leaves contain latex, which can be seen by squeezing a torn-off leaf. Length approx. 4 mm.

Mature plant
Petty Spurge is a small plant with a 10-20 cm high, erect stem, which is forked at the top, hence its Danish name “forked Spurge”. The entire plant contains large amounts of latex. Petty Spurge is distinguishable from Sun Spurge by its leaves not being finely toothed on the extreme parts of the leaf. Seed production: Up to approx. 300 seeds per plant.

Seed
Inverted Beetle-shaped with or without attached porcelain-like basal appendage, the “head”. Each of the 6 sides of the surface has 1-4 deep, circular or oval pits. The surface is covered with a dull, foam plastic-like layer, thickest on the raised surface between the pits. Thousand grain weight 0.6 g.

Biology

Propagation and dispersal
Only through seeds.

Habit
Summer annual.

Importance

The species is found throughout Denmark and is mainly found in open and/or late sown spring crops. Petty Spurge is usually among the less important weed species.

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Taxonomy

Euphorbiceae.

Names in different languages

Danish : Vortemælk, gaffel
German : Gartenwolfsmilch
English : Petty Spurge
Latin : Euphorbia peplus L.
Norwegian : Byvortemjølk
Swedish : Rävtörel

Euphorbia peplus L.: Seedling
Seedling
Euphorbia peplus L.: Early stage
Early stage
Euphorbia peplus L.: Flower
Flower
Euphorbia peplus L.: Mature plant
Mature plant
Euphorbia peplus L.: Seeds
Seeds

 
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